Effectiveness of supportive educational intervention on knowledge, self-care behavior, disease activity and health status among arthritis patients
Keywords:Effectivenes, Supportive educational intervention, Knowledge, Self-care behaviour, Disease activity, Health status and arthritis patients
Background: Arthritis is the group of conditions affecting the joints and typically causes swelling, pain and stiffness. Osteoarthritis & rheumatoid arthritis are the most common type of arthritis. Patient education should lead not only to changes in knowledge, but also to changes in behavior and in health status. Objective of the study was to assess effectiveness of supportive educational intervention on knowledge, self-care behaviour, disease activity and health status among arthritis patients.
Methods: Pre-experimental, one group pre-test post-test research design (O1 × O2) was used. Total 20 patients of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis were selected for the study by purposive sampling technique.
Results: There was very high statistical significant difference in the mean pre-test and post test score of knowledge, self-care behavior, disease activity and health status among arthritis patients at p value was 0.001 level of significance. The study found significant fair correlation between knowledge gain score and self-care behaviour gain score, self-care behaviour gain score and reduction of disease activity and self-care behaviour gain score and health status at p value was 0.01 level of significance.
Conclusions: Study concludes that supportive educational intervention is effective to enhance knowledge, self-care behaviour & health status among arthritis patients.
Arthritis Queensland. Arthritis and emotional wellbeing. Available at: https://www.arthritis. org.au/arthritis/.../Arthritis-Emotional-Wellbeing_final_2017.pd. Accessed 20 May 2018.
Comprehensive Pain Specialists. Introduction to osteoarthritis. Available: https://www.cpspain. com/introduction-to-osteoarthritis. Accessed 05 November 2015.
Wilma PJ. Medical Surgical Nursing: Health and illness Perspectives. 7th ed. United States of America: Mosby Publishing; 2003: 1507.
Web MD. An introduction to what arthritis about. Available: https://www.webmd.com/osteoarthritis/ guide/arthritis-basics. Accessed 01 November 2018.
Rheumatoid Arthritis Facts and Statistics. Available: https://www.rheumatoidarthritis.org/ra/facts-and-statistics/. Accessed 12 November 2015.
Arthritis-India. Fight arthritis with knowledge and courage. Available: www.arthritis-india.com. Accessed 12 November 2015.
Minnock P, Fitzgerald O, Bresnihan B. Quality of life, social support and Knowledge of disease in Women with Rheumatoid Arthritis. Arthrit Rheuma. 2003;47:221-7.
Brady TJ, Kruger J, Helmick CG, Callahan LF, Boutaugh ML. Intervention Programs for Arthritis and Other Rheumatic Diseases. Health Edu Behav. 2003;30:44-63.
Lineker SC, Badley EM, Hughes EA, Bell MJ. Development of an instrument to measure knowledge inindividuals with rheumatoid arthritis: the ACREU rheumatoid arthritis knowledge questionnaire. J Rheumatol. 1997;24(4):647-53.
Barlow JH, Turner AP, Wright CC. A Randomised Controlled Study of the Arthritis Self-Management Programme in the UK. Health Education Research. 2001;15(6):665-80.
Vermaak V, Briffa NK, Langlands B, Inderjeeth C, McQuade J. Evaluation of a disease specific rheumatoid arthritis self-management education program, a single group repeated measures study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord.. 2015;16:214.
Daltroy LH, Liang MH. Arthritis education: opportunities and state of the art. Health Educ Q. 1993;20:3-16.
Kaur WG, Sharma P, Kaur M. A Study to assess the effect of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge Regarding Self-care Management of Osteoarthritis among Geriatric Population. Int J Nurs Edu. 2015;7(3):168-72.
Nadrian H, Morowatisharifabad MA, Bahmanpour K. Development of a Rheumatoid Arthritis Education Program using the PRECEDE_PROCEED Model. Health Promotion Perspectives. 2011;1(2):118-29.
Callahan LF, Pincus T. Education, self-care, and outcomes of rheumatic diseases: further challenges to the “biomedical model” paradigm. Arthritis Care Res. 1997;10:283–8.