DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4510.IntJResOrthop20162805

Proximal femur locking compression plate in complex proximal femoral fractures: a retrospective analysis

Rajesh Govindasamy, Ramkumar Gnanasundaram, Saravanan Kasirajan, Jimmy J Meleppuram, Kumar Archit

Abstract


Background: Proximal femoral fractures are one of the most common fractures in old age patients. Fixation of these fractures is technically high demanding owing to the high risk of complications. The aim of our study is to analyze the outcomes of proximal femoral locking compression plate (PF-LCP) in these fractures.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 18 proximal femoral fractures treated with PF-LCP from May 2012 to May 2015. There were 12 females (67%) and six males (33%) with an average age of 59.6 years (range, 32 to 84 years). The peritrochanteric fractures constituted by intertrochanteric and subtrochanteric fractures were classified by Boyd and Griffin classification along with Seinshemier’s classification, respectively. Among that, 14 cases (77%) were of intertrochanteric and four cases (23%) were of subtrochanteric fracture pattern. The functional outcome was evaluated by harris hip score and the parker palmer mobility score one year after surgery.

Results: Among 18 patients, 16 patients obtained fracture union without further intervention; two patients required additional bone grafting. There were no cases of hip screw cutting the femoral head. There was no post-operative mortality in our study. The average harris hip score was 85.5 (83-94). The assessment by parker and palmar mobility score was 7.6 (range 4-9).

Conclusions: The PF-LCP is a good stable alternative in the treatment of complex proximal femoral fractures. It provides good to excellent bone healing with limited complications.

Keywords


Fracture fixation, Internal, Bone plates, Pertrochanteric fractures

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References


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