DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4510.IntJResOrthop20171909

Comparative study between dynamic hip screw and plate with proximal femoral nailing in trochanteric fractures of femur

M. K. Nizamoddin Khateeb, Satish Babu D. G.

Abstract


Background: Incidence of intertrochanteric fractures has increased significantly during recent years and it will probably continue to rise in near future due to increased longevity of life. Closed methods of treatment for intertrochanteric fractures have increased mortality rates & have largely been abandoned. Rigid internal fixation and early mobilization has been the standard protocol of treatment nowadays. This study was intended to compare the results of Intertrochanteric fractures treated by dynamic hip screw (DHS) over proximal femoral nailing (PFN).

Methods: This is a randomized prospective study of 102 cases of intertrochanteric fractures, admitted to Mysore Medical College & Hospital, Mysore and ESIC medical college and hospital Kalaburagi and Kamareddy Ortho & Trauma care Hospital Kalaburagi; treated with proximal femoral nailing and DHS. The patients were divided randomly into two groups, each of 51 patients, 51 were treated by Dynamic Hip Screw & 51 were treated with proximal femoral nail (PFN).All patients were followed up for one year.

Results: In our series of 102 patients of Intertrochanteric fractures, 51 were treated with sliding hip screw with plate and 51 were treated by an intra-medullary hip screw. Most of the patients were between 51 to 80 years. Slip and trivial fall accounted for 70% cases. Right side was more common accounted for 58.34% of cases.

Conclusions: From our study, we consider PFN as better alternative to DHS in more unstable fractures with technically difficulty and require more experience. Sliding hip screw remains the implant of choice for stable type fractures. We noticed less operative time, less blood loss, fewer intra-op complications in PFN group. The quality of the reduction achieved & proper positioning of the implant are important to achieve the best post-operative outcome.


Keywords


Inter-trochanteric fractures, Dynamic hip screw, Proximal femoral nail

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References


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