Comparative study between proximal femoral nailing and dynamic hip screw with proximal femoral locking compression plates in intertrochanteric fracture of femur

Prasad Veeragandham, Ramesh Kumar Sahu, Subarna Misra


Background: Intertrochanteric fractures occur in people with poor bone quality, about half of the intertrochanteric fractures are comminuted and unstable. The purpose of the present study was to compare the outcome of surgical treatment of proximal femoral fracture by dynamic hip screw (DHS), proximal femoral nail (PFN) and proximal femoral locking compression plate (PFLCP).

Methods: This prospective comparative observational study had included cases presented with intertrochanteric fractures of femur attended orthopedic OPD and emergency department were treated with dynamic hip screw (DHS), proximal femoral nailing (PFN) or proximal femoral locking compression plate. Post-operative x-rays were done to assess reduction and progress of union (non-union/mal-union), any post-operative complications e.g. operative wound infection, implant failure etc.

Results: In our study, we found that PFNs prove to be more useful in difficult fractures with a subtrochanteric extension or reversed obliquity. The rotational stability was higher when proximal femoral nail is used in these fractures. The incidence of wound infection was found to be lower with intramedullary implants which resulted in early ambulation of the patients.

Conclusions: In our study, we found that proximal femoral nails prove to be more useful in difficult fractures with a sub-trochanteric extension or reversed obliquity. The rotational stability was higher when PFN is used in these fractures. The incidence of wound infection was found to be lower with intramedullary implants which resulted in early ambulation of the patients. Non-union of trochanteric fracture although is a rare entity.


Intertrochanteric fracture of femur, Proximal femoral nailing, Dynamic hip screw, Proximal femoral locking compression plates, Outcome

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