Femoropatellar alterations in knees with chronic anterior cruciate ligament injuries: a radiographic analysis

Authors

  • Ekjot S. Arora Department of Orthopaedics, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
  • B. P. Sharma Department of Orthopaedics, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
  • Narottam Das Department of Orthopaedics, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
  • Mukul Mohindra Department of Orthopaedics, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
  • Sandeep Shaina Department of Orthopaedics, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4510.IntJResOrthop20234050

Keywords:

ACL, Patellofemoral malalignment, Sports injury, Knee

Abstract

Background: The objective of this study was to correlate the occurrence of patellofemoral malalignment in a chronic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficient knee using common radiological parameters.

Methods: A case-control study was conducted on 35 adult patients with previously diagnosed unilateral chronic ACL injury. The injured knee was considered as the case, while the contralateral normal knee served as the control. Radiological parameters including the Caton-Deschamps patellar height index, Merchant patellar congruence angle, and Laurin lateral patellar tilt angle were measured on X-rays obtained from both normal and ACL injured knees. A comparative analysis was performed between the two groups.

Results: The Caton-Deschamps patellar height index had a mean value of 0.95±0.05 in the ACL-deficient knee. The Merchant patellar congruence angle showed mean values of 12.66±0.84 degrees in the ACL injured knee, while the Laurin lateral patellar tilt angle was 8.06±1.41 degrees in knees with ACL failure. These results indicate lower patellar height, greater lateral displacement of the patella, and increased lateral patellar tilt in knees with chronic ACL tears, thereby affecting the patellofemoral joint.

Conclusions: Chronic ACL tears are associated with patellofemoral malalignment, characterized by decreased patellar height, increased lateral displacement of the patella, and greater lateral patellar tilt, thus impacting the patellofemoral joint.

References

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Published

2023-12-29

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Original Research Articles