Assessment of peripheral arterial disease in diabetic adults with foot ulcers in an African population

Osita Ede, Ugochukwu N. Enweani, Iheuko S. Ogbonnaya, Kenechi A. Madu, Udo E. Anyaehie, Tochukwu Ikpegbu, Chinonso Basil-Nwachukwu


Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a recognized risk factor for diabetic foot ulceration. It was thought that PAD is not common in Sub-Saharan Africa. Studies show otherwise. It becomes necessary to assess the prevalence of PAD among diabetic adults with foot ulcers in Nigeria. The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of PAD in diabetic subjects with foot ulcers in Nigeria.

Methods: Diagnosis of PAD was made with the ankle-brachial index (ABI). Edinburgh claudication questionnaire was administered to the patients. An ABI of <0.9 is diagnostic of PAD. Risk factors for PAD were assessed. A control group of non-diabetic adults was used.

Results: Sixty-seven per cent (67%) of the test group has PAD as compared to 18% of the control group. Smoking, duration of diabetes and systemic hypertension were strongly associated with PAD.

Conclusions: Diabetic adults with foot ulcers in Nigeria have a high prevalence of PAD.


Diabetics, Foot ulcers, Peripheral arterial disease, Nigeria

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