Functional outcome of unstable intertrochanteric fractures managed with proximal femoral nail: a prospective analysis


  • C. Joney Mandice Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Kanyakumari Medical College and Hospital, Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Raship Khan Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Kanyakumari Medical College and Hospital, Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Heber Anandan Department of Clinical Research, Dr. Agarwal’s Healthcare Limited, Tamil Nadu, India



Proximal femur, Intertrochanteric fractures, Subtrochantric fractures, Proximal femoral nail


Background: Hip fractures are a growing concern for the orthopedic surgeons all over the world because the incidence of hip fractures is increasing dramatically and these fractures impose a significant challenge in their efficient management. The aim of the study was to prospectively analyze the functional outcome of unstable intertrochanteric fractures managed with ‘proximal femoral nail’.

Methods: In our institution, we have selected 24 cases of unstable intertrochanteric fractures for this prospective study. All cases enrolled were managed with the proximal femoral nail. These cases were studied from the mechanism of injury, classification, and treatment with the proximal femoral nail and their surgical and functional outcome with or without residual comp.

Results: Patients were followed up for an average period of 8.58 months. The mean Harris hip score was 88.75 at 6th month. The score was excellent in 12 patients, good in 10 patients, fair in 1 patient and poor in 1 patient. In our study of 24 patients with unstable intertrochanteric fracture, the average age incidence was 54.64 years. In the present study male: female was 5:3.

Conclusions: In unstable proximal femur fractures, PFN is a significant advancement in the treatment of unstable trochanteric fractures which has the unique advantages of closed reduction, preservation of fracture hematoma, less tissue damage, early rehabilitation and early return to work.


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Original Research Articles