Evaluation of volar locking plate fixation for management of intra-articular fractures of distal end of radius
Keywords:Volar locking plate, Distal end radius fracture, Green and O’Brien scoring
Background: With the increase in high velocity trauma, the incidence of intra-articular fractures of distal end of radius, particularly in adults- the working class of society is increasing. Normal functioning of wrist is of paramount importance for all activities of daily living and working. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the results of using volar locking plate for fixation of intra-articular fractures of distal end radius, with emphasis on return to pre-injury employment assessment.
Methods: It is a combined prospective and retrospective study from January 2013 to June 2016. Twenty patients of intra-articular fractures of distal end of radius (AO type B2 and B3) were treated with volar locking plate through volar approach. The patients were regularly followed up for one year. The assessment of pain, range of motion, activity and grip strength were scored by Green and O’Brien’s system.
Results: According to scoring system of Green and O’Brien the patients were assessed at 1 year follow up. 17 patients (85%) showed excellent results (scores 90-100). 2 patients (10%) showed good result (scores 80-89) while 1 patient (5%) had fair outcome (score 65-79). No patient had poor result (score less than 65). 19 patients (95%) returned to their pre-injury employment at 1 year.
Conclusions: Open reduction and internal fixation with volar locking plate is reliable and excellent methods of management of intra-articular fracture of distal end of radius especially shear type of injury (AO type B2 and B3) in adults.
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