DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4510.IntJResOrthop20180681

Assessment of functional outcome of mini-open rotator cuff repair: a hospital based prospective study

Vikas Sharma, Shailesh V. Udapudi, Somnath T. Sanikop, Sameer Haveri, Mahantesh Y. Patil

Abstract


Background: The mini-open repair is considered to be the gold standard for rotator cuff repair. This study was aimed to assess functional outcome of mini-open rotator cuff repair of shoulder joint in adult patients.

Methods: This was a one year hospital based prospective study conducted from January 2016 to December 2016. A total of 20 patients diagnosed to have rotator cuff tear of shoulder joint undergoing rotator cuff repair in the department of Orthopaedics, KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Centre, and KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Charitable Hospital, Belagavi were studied.

Results: Majority of the patients (85%) of the patients was male and male to female ratio was 5.6:1. Most of the patients were aged between 31 to 40 years (30%). The mean age was 41.90±13.98 years. Most of patients had degenerative rotator cuff tear (45%) and (70%) presented with features of swelling. At enrollment all the patients (100%) had poor constant score (>30) and fair/poor UCLA score (<27) suggestive of severe pain functional restriction. There were gradual but steady increase in scores from enrollment to each follow up till six month follow up with respect to mean flexion (6.25±5.35 to 163.50±7.63),abduction (5.50±5.10 to 112.0±5.94),external rotation (3.00±4.7 to 82.50±2.56 ),internal rotation (2.50±4.44 to 67.25±3.43 ) and UCLA score (5.35±1.63 to 29.60±0.82 ) (p<0.001) also there was gradual but steady decrease in mean VAS score from enrolment (7.70±0.47 ) to six months follow up (0.00±0.00) and constant score ( from 85.70±1.98 to 7.85±1.46 respectively) (p<0.001). The constant score and UCLA score at six month follow up revealed excellent functional outcome.

Conclusions: The mini-open rotator cuff repair of shoulder joint results in excellent functional outcome among adult patients with rotator cuff tear of shoulder joint especially after six month with no complications and complete pain relief.


Keywords


Functional outcome, Mini-open rotator cuff repair, Rotator cuff tear of shoulder joint

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