Comparative study of titanium elastic nailing v/s dynamic compression plating for the management of fracture shaft of femur in adolescent age group

Mahesh D. V., Deepak C. D., Gunnaiah K. G., Moinuddin Pasha


Background: Femoral fractures are one of the common long bones fractured in paediatric age group. Over the past 20 years, there has been a dramatic and sustained trend toward the operative stabilization of femoral shaft fractures in school-aged children. Femoral fracture demands stable fixation in adolescent.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital. All children’s between the age 11 to 18 years with femur fracture managed with either TENS or dynamic compression plating between march 2014 to march 2017 were included into the study.

Results: most common mode of injury was RTA. Middle third being the most common site for fracture. There was100% union in our study. The mean time of union in TENS group was 12 weeks and that of Plating group Was 13.1 weeks. Irritation at entry site was seen in 11 (22.9%) out of 48 patients. Malunion was seen in 9 out of 48 children’s in group a, whereas malunion in group b seen in 1 child. All the malunion was less than 5 degree and Varus being most common type of malunion. Limb length discrepancy in group A was observed in 5 patents (10.5%) out which 3 were shortening and 2 were lengthening. In group b 1pateint had shortening at end of follow up. In group B superficial infection was seen in 4 (15%) out of 33 children’s and in group A it was observed in 2 children’s (5%).

Conclusions: we concluded that compression plating in adolescent age group especially older and obese children for the management fracture shaft of femur comparatively better than TENS.




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