Extended use of limb reconstruction system in management of compound tibia diaphyseal fracture as primary and definitive tool
Keywords:LRS, Compound tibia, Definitive treatment
Background: The fractures of the tibia are among the most difficult fractures to treat effectively. The status of the soft tissues, the degree of comminution and level of contamination sustained at the time of injury affect the long term clinical results. The goal of operative treatment is to obtain anatomic realignment of the shaft of tibia while providing enough stability to allow early motion. This should be accomplished using techniques that minimize osseous and soft tissue devascularization in the hopes of decreasing the complications resulting from treatment.
Methods: A prospective randomized study was conducted between 2014-2016 on 20 patients admitted with compound tibia diaphyseal fracture and treated with Limb reconstruction surgery.
Results: In our study, the mean time of partial weight bearing was 3.5±2.97 weeks, full weight bearing was 8.55± 4.14 weeks and bone union time was 20.22±5.22 weeks. The pin tract infection was found in 5 (25%) cases. Delayed union was observed 06 (30%) cases. Shortening of more than 2 cm were recorded in 3 (15%) patients. Joint (knee or ankle) stiffness was observed in 6 (30%) cases. Loosening of pin was observed in 3 (15%) cases. Chronic osteomyelitis was observed in 3 (15%) cases. Secondary procedures were done in 11 (55%) cases. Bone marrow aspiration was done in 5 (25%) cases, iliac bone grafting in 5 (25%) cases.
Conclusions: LRS is found to be wonderful tool in management of compound tibia fractures as primary and definitive mode because of its safety, versatile nature, patient friendly and cost effectiveness.
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