Multidetector CT arthrography in shoulder instability and its comparison with MR arthrography and arthroscopy
Keywords:Arthroscopy, Arthrography, Bankart’s lesion, Hill sachs lesion
Background: Purpose of this study was to compare diagnostic effectiveness of MDCT arthrography (MDCTA) in shoulder instability and pain in throwing and its comparison to MR arthrography (MRA) and arthroscopy taking arthroscopy as gold standard.
Methods: 20 patients with history of recurrent shoulder dislocation in activity were included in this study. After detailed clinical examination, each patient underwent MDCT-MR arthrography in one sitting followed by diagnostic arthroscopy within 6 weeks. Results were compared with the help of statistician.
Results: At arthroscopy, 10 Bankart’s lesions, 7 Hill Sachs lesion, 6 SLAP lesion, 1 ALPSA, 1 capsular laxity, 1 partial subscapularis tear and 1 supraspinatus fraying were visualized in 20 shoulders. For Bankart’s lesion MDCT has sensitivity 80%, specificity 100%, positive predictive value (PPV) 100% and negative predictive value (NPV) 83.3%. MRA has sensitivity of 90%, specificity 100%, PPV 100% and NPV 90.9%. For SLAP lesions sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV for MDCTA and MRA are 88.3%, 100%, 100%, 93.3%. For Hill-Sachs lesion; sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV for MDCTA are all 100% and for MRA they are 85.7%, 100%, 100%, 92.8% respectively. For ALPSA; sensitivity is 100%, specificity is 95%, PPV is 50% and NPV is 100% both for MDCTA and MRA. К value for MRA is 0.60 and for CTA is 0.55 suggesting moderate agreement.
Conclusions: Considering availability, cost, time consumption, superior detection of bony lesions and comparable detection of soft tissue lesions; MDCTA can be used as single investigation of choice in shoulder instability pain.
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