Correlation of rearfoot angle to Q-angle in patellofemoral pain syndrome: a prospective study


  • K.S. Dileep Department of Orthopaedics, K.S. Hegde Medical Academy, Deralakatte, Mangalore, Karnataka
  • Krishna Harish Musculoskeletal Disorders and Sports Physiotherapist Principal, Malabar Medical College, Allied Sciences, Kerala
  • Rameez P. Mohammed Physiotherapist, Jayashree Hospital, Mangalore, Karnataka



Rearfoot varus, Q-angle, Patellofemoral pain


Background: Objective of the study was to evaluate the correlation between rearfoot posture to Q-angle in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome.

Methods: This is a two-year prospective observational study in which all patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome in the age group of 20-30 years were included in the study. The static Q-angle and the rearfoot angles of these subjects were measured and analyzed statistically for their correlation.

Results: There were sixty patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria of the study. Pearson product moment correlation showed 27% subjects having rearfoot valgus and 73% having rearfoot varus angle. T test showed statistically significant Q-angle for rearfoot varus compared to rearfoot valgus.

Conclusions: Rearfoot varus is more commonly associated with patellofemoral pain syndrome. The Q-angle increases in both rearfoot varus and valgus but is significantly more in patients with rearfoot varus. 


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Original Research Articles