Functional outcome of mini external fixator in hand injuries: an observational study in a tertiary care hospital


  • Saravanakumar P. Department Of Orthopaedics, Karpaga Vinayaga Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center, Madhuranthagam, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Arun Kumar B. Department Of Orthopaedics, Karpaga Vinayaga Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center, Madhuranthagam, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Kanchan N. Department Of Orthopaedics, Karpaga Vinayaga Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center, Madhuranthagam, Tamil Nadu, India



Hand fractures, Mini external fixator, Metacarpal fractures, Palangeal fractures, Ortho fix


Background: Metacarpal and phalangeal fractures are one of the common fractures of the upper extremity that account for about 10% of total body fractures. The distal parts of the hand are the most common parts to be injured. Outcome is also influenced by other factors such as patient’s age, occupation, socio economic status, systemic illness, surgeon’s skill and the patient’s compliance.

Methods: We are doing an observational study with 40 patients included according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria for a period of six months with age group between 20 and 60 years. We use mini external fixators with JESS clamps, 1.8 mm threaded pins and k wires. Patients were followed up periodically with required radiograph for the union of the fracture.

Results: Out 40 patients, most of the patients were between the age of 21 to 40 years with male preponderance, open fractures were more when compared with closed fractures. Functional outcome was excellent and good on the higher side which was analysed with Strickland score. Radiological union were also in greater side with 17.5% of them with delayed union.

Conclusions: Simple surgical technique will minimize complications and an aggressive rehabilitation will ensure best result. In general, mini external fixator is a good treatment for management of fractures with best functional outcome.   


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