Medial dorsal cutaneous nerve entrapment following inversion ankle sprain


  • Marcelo P. T. Alves Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital de Portalegre, Portugal
  • João P. G. Nóbrega Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital Nélio Mendonça, Portugal
  • Paulo F. F. M. Dourado Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital de Évora, Portugal



Compressive neuropathy, Medial dorsal cutaneous nerve, Ankle sprain complications, Foot nerve decompression


The medial dorsal cutaneous nerve is one of the terminal branches of the superficial peroneal nerve that provides sensory innervation to the dorsum of the foot. It may be prone to injury by direct blow, iatrogenic surgical lesion or in rare situations secondary to ankle sprains. The authors report a case of persistent ankle pain in a female patient caused by a post- traumatic compressive neuropathy of the medial dorsal cutaneous nerve secondary to an ankle sprain which was successfully surgically treated with complete resolution of the symptoms.


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