Improving cosmetic and functional outcome in case of post burn contracture of hand and fingers by using de-epithelized plantar skin graft

Authors

  • Satyabrata Mohanty Department of General Surgery, JNUIMSRC, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • Jitendra Kumar Gupta Department of General Surgery, JNUIMSRC, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4510.IntJResOrthop20240410

Keywords:

Hand burn contractures, De-epithelized plantar skin graft, Glabrous skin, Scar excision, Contracture release, Post-operative care, Range of motion, Donor site healing, Physiotherapy

Abstract

Background: Burn scar contractures in the fingers and hand often lead to debilitating functional and cosmetic issues. Various surgical approaches exist, but achieving optimal outcomes remains a challenge. While grafting glabrous split-thickness skin from the foot's plantar aspect is a well-established method, it remains underutilized, with conventional grafts leading to complications, especially in darker-skinned individuals.

Method: This study involved 35 patients with McCauley grade II and III hand burn contractures, spanning various age groups and genders. Surgical procedures encompassed scar removal, contracture release, and plantar skin graft application. Post-operatively, patients received dressing, splinting, and physiotherapy. Donor site healing was evaluated at the 3-week mark.

Results: Remarkably, all patients exhibited successful donor site healing within 3 weeks. The surgical technique effectively addressed contractures, enhancing range of motion and function. Post-operative care, featuring physiotherapy, coconut oil massages, and pressure garment use for at least 6 months, significantly contributed to post-burn hand and finger contracture management.

Conclusions: De-epithelized plantar skin grafts offer a promising avenue for enhancing both aesthetics and function in individuals with post-burn hand and finger contractures. This technique minimizes complications common with traditional grafts while promoting successful donor site healing and improved range of motion. The study underscores the significance of using like-for-like reconstruction to achieve the best possible results in managing post-burn contractures.

 

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Published

2024-02-26

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Section

Original Research Articles