Two rare cases of management of proximal phalanx spina ventosa
Keywords:Spina ventosa, Tubercular dactylitis, Tuberculosis, Tubular bones, Tubercular osteomyelitis
Tubercular dactylitis or spina ventosa is the tubercular infection of phalanges, metacarpals and metatarsals termed after cystic swelling of short tubular bones by tubercular infection. Here we presented two rare cases of spina ventosa in a 10 years old female and a 16 years old male patients. In both cases there was swelling of digits with stiffness. The radiographs were suggestive of chronic osteolytic infection with cortical destruction and diffuse sclerosis. We managed them with adequate surgical debridement, splintage and anti-tubercular therapy with good functional recovery. Spina ventosa or tubercular dactylitis is a rare condition and is often missed on diagnosis due to vague non-specific presentation, unavailability of rapid diagnostic tests and can be confused with other mimicking diseases. Any swelling over small tubular bones of hand or feet should raise the suspicion of spina ventosa, especially in endemic countries for tuberculosis. In neglected chronic infections, surgical debridement, curettage and splintage followed by anti-tubercular therapy based on histo-pathological reports is the treatment of choice with high protein diet and vitamin D supplementation ensures good outcome.
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