Incidence and location of deep vein thrombosis of lower extremity following surgery of tibial plateau fracture

Authors

  • Rajeev Kelkar Department of Orthopaedics, MGM Medical College and MY Hospital, Indore, M.P., India
  • Pranav Mahajan Department of Orthopaedics, MGM Medical College and MY Hospital, Indore, M.P., India
  • Subhash Mishra Department of Orthopaedics, MGM Medical College and MY Hospital, Indore, M.P., India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4510.IntJResOrthop20223449

Keywords:

DVT, Tibial plateau fracture, Ultrasound

Abstract

Background: Tibial plateau fractures are commonly seen fractures of lower limb. They are challenging to manage since they are mostly associated with soft tissue injuries. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a significant cause of morbidity and pulmonary embolism can even cause mortality in all hospitalized patients, especially after trauma and lower extremity fracture, which further carries risk of significant morbidity and mortality. We aim to evaluate the epidemiological characteristics of postoperative DVT in tibial plateau fractures.

Method: A prospective observational randomized study was performed. A total of 79 patient were included in this study who had proximal tibia fractures. Pre-op ultrasonography was done and post operative ultrasonography was done following proximal tibia plating surgery on day 2. Successive evaluation with USG was done at week 2, week 3 and week 4 for DVT. If DVT is diagnosed it will be managed medically.

Result: A total of 79 patients were included in the study, 28 were females and 51 males. 4 out of 79 patients were diagnosed with DVT following surgery of tibial plateau fracture. Predominantly DVT was seen in male patient of elderly age group who had high energy trauma operated by open reduction with duration of surgery of more than 1 hour. 3 out of 4 patients had distal DVT and 1 had proximal DVT.

Conclusions: Six risk factors were found to be strongly associated with DVT i.e., old age, male gender, high energy trauma, increased preoperative interval, open reduction and prolonged duration of surgery. These epidemiologic data will be helpful in individual assessment, risk categorisation and development of targeted prevention programs.

Author Biographies

Rajeev Kelkar, Department of Orthopaedics, MGM Medical College and MY Hospital, Indore, M.P., India

Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics

Pranav Mahajan, Department of Orthopaedics, MGM Medical College and MY Hospital, Indore, M.P., India

Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopaedics

Subhash Mishra, Department of Orthopaedics, MGM Medical College and MY Hospital, Indore, M.P., India

Junior Resident, Department of Orthopaedics

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Published

2022-12-28

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Original Research Articles