Evaluation of open reduction and internal fixation with closed reduction and external fixation in distal radial fracture


  • Rupesh Jung Belbase Department of Orthopedics, P. T. Birta city hospital, Province 1, Birtamode, Nepal
  • Kumud Limbu Department of Orthopedics, P. T. Birta city hospital, Province 1, Birtamode, Nepal
  • Anil Kumar Basnet Department of Medicine, P. T. Birta city hospital, Province 1, Birtamode, Nepal
  • Pratik Chaudhary Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, P. T. Birta city hospital, Province 1, Birtamode, Nepal




Open reduction, Closed reduction, Internal fixation, Radial fracture, Distal radius


Background: Radial fracture frequently occurs in osteoporotic disorders, or in low-energy injuries. It is most frequent fracture of the upper extremity. Open reduction or closed reduction is done but there is debate between the two about its efficacies. Aims and objectives were to find out the efficacy and safety of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with that of closed reduction and external fixation (CREF) among patients with distal radial fracture of all ages.

Methods: This prospective study was conducted with patients of distal radial fracture. They underwent interventions, namely, ORIF (Open reduction group) or CREF (Closed reduction group). DASH score was measured before the intervention and during several follow ups at 4th week to 15th week. DASH score was statistically analyzed between the two groups. Additionally, the complications of the patients in each group were evaluated and sick leaves of the patients was recorded to assess their quality of life.

Results: The study has found that the number of days taking patients took sick leave from field work is significantly more in "closed reduction" group as compared to "open reduction" group (p<0.05). The number of days patients took sick leave is significantly higher in “closed reduction” group as compared to “open reduction” group (p<0.05).

Conclusions: The study has concluded that the disability of the patients who received ORIF decreased significantly as compared to those who received external fixation and the patients who received open reduction significantly improved from the fracture.


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Original Research Articles