A study of surgical management of distal femoral fractures in adults using locking compression plate

Srinivas Bachu, Ramulu L


Background: The introduction of locking compression plates with option of locked screws has provided the means to increase the stability of fracture fixation.

Methods: In this study, 30 distal femoral fractures were treated using the distal femoral locking compression plate. All fractures were fresh, closed and operated within 12 days. Follow up duration ranged from 6 to 18 months.

Results: In this study, 20 patients were males and 10 were females. The 23 of the fractures (76.66%), were caused by road traffic accidents, 3 were due to accidental falls (10%), one was due to assault and 3 were due to fall from height.9 patients had associated injuries.  All patients were treated with open reduction and internal fixation using Locking Compression Plate. 6 to 9 holed plates were used. Out of 30 patients 2 went for delayed union and 3 went for non-union. Average knee flexion was 109o having knee range of motion more than 100 with 50% patients. Average knee extensor lag was 2.4 degrees with only 4 patients with lag more than 5. 2 patients developed 2 cm shortening. 4 patients had less than 5 degrees of malalignment. 2 patients had deep infection. Functional outcome was measured using NEER's scoring system and was done at the end of 5- 7 months (average of 6 months).  Excellent results- 17 (56.66%) good results-8 (26.66%) fair results-2 (6.66%) poor results-3 (10%).

Conclusions: LCP condylar plate represents an evolutionary approach to the surgical management and is an important armamentarium in distal femur fracture fixation, especially when fracture is severely comminuted and in situations of osteoporosis. 


Distal femoral fractures, Locking compression plate, Knee flexion, Knee extensor lag

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