Intra-operative peri-articular cocktail injection in inflammatory arthritis patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty
Keywords:Periarticular injection, Cocktail injection, Total knee arthroplasty
Pain following TKA is often severe in most patients. The purpose of this case series was to assess the efficiency of intra-operative peri-articular cocktail injection in management of pain following total knee arthroplasty. This case series involves 16 patients with inflammatory arthritis of knee undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). All patients had received peri-articular cocktail of drugs before the implantation of prosthesis with cement. In our study, there was significant improvement of Knee Clinical Score and Knee Functional Score following TKA. The mean KSS score was 37.5 (range: 31-44) improved to 92.5 (range, 86-99) and the functional score improved from 25.5 (range, 18-33) to 76 (range, 72- 80) at 6 months and 93 (range: 90-96) at 12 months. Intraoperative peri-articular injection with 20 ml of 0.5% ropivacaine, 1 ml of ketorolac, 1ml of clonidine and 0.5ml noradrenaline diluted in 20 ml of saline is effective in reducing immediate post-operative pain and thereby improving the overall functional outcome.
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