Lateral distal tibial locking compression plate fixation through single lateral incision technique is biologically superior and mechanically equivalent alternative to medial plate fixation for lower third tibia-fibula fractures
Keywords:Tibia, Treatment, Fractures, Medial, Lateral
Background: A number of surgical options for management of distal tibia fractures makes scenario confusing and available techniques are associated with complications. Recently lateral plating of tibia has shown good promise. To compare results between medial and lateral distal tibial locking compression plate for treatment of distal third tibia fractures
Methods: Prospective clinical study was carried out among 24 patients presenting with distal third tibia fractures. Patients were randomized into two groups of 12 each. One group was allocated into medial distal tibial LCP and second group was allocated into lateral distal tibial LCP. In first group, approach taken was medial or anteromedial while in second group, approach taken was lateral. Follow up was done for six months after surgery.
Results: There were 10 cases in medical group and eight cases in lateral group which had fracture due to road traffic accidents. All cases in medical group had concomitant fibula fracture while such cases were 10 in lateral group. One case in each group developed infection after surgery. There was one case of superficial skin dehiscence and one case of hardware problem in medial group compared to none in lateral group. Two cases from medial group required removal of implant compared to none from medial group.
Conclusions: Lateral distal tibial LCP seems to provide biological advantage than medial distal tibial LCP without difference in biomechanical properties of implants. Single lateral incision technique is an ingenious, biologically sound, and cosmetically superior for fixation of both lower third tibia & fibula fractures together.
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