Published: 2021-08-25

Knowledge and awareness of orthopaedic surgeons about radiation hazards in operation theatres

Manik Sehgal, Bhanu Awasthi, Saloni Sood, Sunil Raina, Rubinder Kaur, Sarvesh Singh, Punit Katoch


Background: Due to increase in geriatric orthopaedic patients minimally invasive soft tissue and orthopaedic surgeries are gaining. But such procedures have increased the surgeon’s dependence on fluoroscopy which has exposed them to ever increasing dosage of ionising radiations (both direct and scattered).

Methods: The study was carried out among medical professionals attending annual north zone conference of orthopaedics using a pre-designed questionnaire on a non-probability sample of 200 orthopedicians.  Questionnaires contained 11 MCQs.

Results: 62% of the surgeons believed that hands receive maximum amount of C-arm radiations followed by thyroid (25%). 9% of surgeons have answered eyes and 4% say gonads. 31% of surgeons believe that 100 mSv is allowable annual effective whole-body dose of radiation. 15% believe it to be 500 msv. Majority (37%) of the surgeons had no idea on the allowable annual effective whole-body dose of radiation. 30% of surgeons believe that allowable annual effective dose of radiation for hands is 50 msv. Further 23% of the surgeons believe it to be 100 msv. 50% have no idea about this.

Conclusions: All orthopaedic residents and surgeons should have more information and knowledge about ionising radiation. Special courses and workshops can be arranged at local, regional and national levels in this regard.



Knowledge, Awareness, Orthopaedic surgeons, Radiation hazards

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