Comparative study of tension band wiring and pre contoured locking compression plate fixation in olecranon fractures in adults
Keywords:Olecranon fracture, Tension band wiring, Plate fixation, Comparative study
Background: Olecranon fractures are about 10% of all proximal forearm fractures.Mostly intra articular fractures, require anatomical reduction and internal fixation for satisfactory clinical outcomes. The most commonly used techniques are still tension band wiring (TBW) and plate fixation (PF). The aim of the current study is to discuss whether TBW or PF technique of internal fixation is better in the treatment of olecranon fractures.
Methods: This is a comparative study including 30 adult patients of olecranon fracture classified by Mayo classification and operated upon by tension band plating (group A) and tension band wiring (group B) at Department of Orthopaedics, Sri Aurobindo Medical College and PG Institute, Indore. All operated cases between the period of January 2018 to August 2019 with follow up of 1 year were assessed on the basis of functional outcome using Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS).
Results: The MEPS, 73% of the patients in group A achieved a good to excellent results in comparison to 60% in group B. no significant differences between the two groups could be detected regarding the clinical and radiographic outcome.
Conclusions: Both TBW and PF interventions had treatment benefit in OFs. The current study reveals that there are no significant differences in MEPS, improvement rate and ROM between TBW and PF for OFs. More high-quality studies are required to further confirm our results as most of the cases included in study belonged to Mayo type IIA category.
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