DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4510.IntJResOrthop20212773

A study on functional outcome following surgical fixation for lower spine injuries

M. Sivakumar, M. Ganesh Kumar

Abstract


Background: Cervical spine injuries are one of the common causes of serious morbidity mortality following trauma. 6% of trauma patients have spine injuries of which >50% is contributed by a cervical spine injury. The aim of the study was to determine the functional outcome following surgical fixation for sub-axial cervical spine.

Methods: this prospective study involving 17 patients who were all admitted with sub-axial cervical spine injuries and amenable to intervention in our department of orthopedics and traumatology, government Theni medical college, Tamil Nadu, India in the year 2019-2020. Duration of 6 months from December 2019 to may 2020.

Results: Most of the injuries presented within 24 hours of injury. Most of the patients presented with an incomplete neurological deficit. C5-C6 subluxation with disc bulge was the most common spinal injury. 5 patients were operated on more than 2 levels. The rest of the patients were operated on at 2 levels.

Conclusions: We consider that the anterior decompression and fusion with a locking compression plate is a viable procedure in sub-axial cervical spine injuries.


Keywords


ASIA, Cervical spine, Decompression, MRI, Outcome, Spinal cord injury

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