DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4510.IntJResOrthop20210525

A prospective study of surgical management of dual plating of bicondylar tibial plateau fracture

Tutika Dinesh Kumar, Deepak Chamalla, Santhosh Babu Miryabbelli, M. Sai Ashok

Abstract


Background: Tibial condyles with their articular surface forms major part of the knee joint, plays an important role in weight transmission and mobility. The proximal tibia fractures account for 1% of all the fractures. If these high velocity intra/peri articular fractures are not treated properly there will be high degree incidences of malunion, non-union, peri-op infections vs collapse of the medial condyle, ligamentous instability, malalignment of the axis, articular incongruity leading to post traumatic arthritis. Aim was to assess the anatomical reduction of articular surface of upper end of tibia and knee joint perfectly by operative treatment with internal fixation.  

Methods: The study was done for a period of 1 years on 30 patients with bicondylar tibial plateau fractures diagnosed with Schatzker type V and VI. Age ranged from 20-60 years with majority being in 30-39 years range with a largely male preponderance. Patients were followed up to 12 months.

Results: Our study reported Honkonen Jarvinen clinical outcome to be 86% excellent, 11.7% good and 1.7% fair. The functional outcome was 81% excellent, 13% good, 5% fair and 1% poor. The Radiological outcome showed 79.2% excellent, 12% good, 0.70% fair results. Our study used Honkonen Jarvinen criteria for radiological, functional, clinical outcome which showed excellent to good result.  

Conclusions: Dual plating is ideal for all bicondylar Tibial plateau fracture of Schatzker type V and VI with appropriate timing of surgery and understanding the anatomy, LCP system, appropriate technique with dual incision, the complication can be minimized, giving excellent to good results.  


Keywords


Tibial plateau fracture, Internal fixation, Schatzker type

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References


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