Translational science in chronic tendinopathies


  • Vijay J. Patel Department of Orthopaedic RML National Law University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Manish Khanna Department of Orthopaedic Prasad Institute of Medical sciences Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Ketan K. Parmar Department of Orthopaedic, NHL Municipal medical college, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India



Tendinopathies, Translational sciences, Tendonitis


Chronic tendinopathies involve majority of patients in clinical practice of orthopaedic surgeons and sports physicians. Translational medicine confers an emerging medical advance efficiently towards the clinician directly from scientists which may be used as a targeted therapy. The main objective of translational research from “bench to bedside” is to test novel inventions in humans. Our purpose in this article to understand the translational medicine approach for chronic tendinopathies in clinical aspects. Translational research in chronic tendinopathies is required certainly due to plenty of reasons. Newer advances and targeted approach to these tendon disorders may curtail the further degenerative process. It aids in earlier diagnosis and prevention of morbidity, early occupancy of occupational activity, lack of economical as well as recreational failure. Pre-disease level activity is ultimate goal of any therapy. Tendon pathophysiology is constantly evolving researched topic in both biochemical as well as molecular aspect. The basic fundamental understanding of complex process of tendon healing and regeneration is necessary for formulating a newer guideline. The cornerstone of treatment of tendinopathies is still non-operative management. Physical therapy, better pain control, NSAIDS are still primary choice for these conditions. Various biological therapy whenever used one should combined them with other appropriate options to obtain an optimum outcome.

Author Biographies

Vijay J. Patel, Department of Orthopaedic RML National Law University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India



Manish Khanna, Department of Orthopaedic Prasad Institute of Medical sciences Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Professor and head of the department

Ketan K. Parmar, Department of Orthopaedic, NHL Municipal medical college, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

postgraduate resident


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