Published: 2020-10-22

A comparative study of functional outcome of short proximal femoral nail with long proximal femoral nail in proximal femoral fractures

R. Selvaraj, K. Nagappan, Aravind Kumar, C. Balaji


Background: Trochanteric femoral fractures are often seen in patients aged they can be caused by high-energy or low-energy trauma or may be pathological. Particularly in the elderly, hip fractures are a major cause of increased mortality and morbidity. Because of the decreased physical capacity, concomitant systemic diseases, and increased vulnerability to environmental dangers, even low-energy trauma can cause unstable femoral trochanteric fractures in this age group. Compare the functional outcome of the short proximal femoral nail with a long proximal femoral nail in proximal femoral fractures.

Methods: This retrospective study was conducted in the Department of Orthopaedics, Karpaga Vinayaga Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Chengalpattu Dist., Tamil Nadu, India. (KIMS & RC). Palmer/Parker score is obtained for the functional outcome of the short proximal femoral nail with a long proximal femoral nail in proximal femoral fractures.

Results: It is concluded from our study that proximal femoral nailing is an attractive and suitable implant for Proximal Femoral Fractures and its use in unstable intertrochanteric fractures is very encouraging.  

Conclusions: The database of our retrospective study regarding age & sex incidence, clinicopathological features and therapeutic outcome was comparable to other studies in various literatures.


Proximal femoral nail, Short femoral nail, Long femoral nail

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