Functional outcome of arthroscopic Bankart repair in post-traumatic recurrent shoulder dislocation in a private tertiary care teaching hospital in eastern India
Keywords:Bankart repair, Arthroscopy, Shoulder dislocation, Shoulder surgery, Recurrent shoulder injury, Shoulder instability
Background: Recurrent anterior shoulder dislocations are quite common in young patients with Bankart lesions. The open Bankart repair was the gold standard for years, however arthroscopic Bankart repair has gained popularity. The aim of the study was to evaluate the functional results of arthroscopic Bankart repair in patients with post-traumatic recurrent anterior glenohumeral instability.
Methods: Patients who underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair for post-traumatic recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation were included in the study. This was a prospective study conducted at a tertiary care Hospital in Kolkata, India between August 2017 to May 2019. All patients were followed up at an interval of 2 weeks, 6 weeks, 12 weeks, 6 months, 9 months and 1 year. Rowe score was used to assess the functional outcomes of the patients.
Results: 34 (91.9%) patients reported good to excellent results, whereas only 2 (5.4%) patients had fair outcome and 1 (2.7%) patient demonstrated poor surgical result. The total rowe score improved from 46.62 pre-operatively to 94.20 post-operatively after 1 year (p<0.01). By the end of 1-year follow-up, 35 (94.6%) patients had full range of motion in all the planes. Majority of (89.2%) patients did not have any complications. Only 1 patient out of 37 had a recurrence (2.7%).
Conclusion: Arthroscopic Bankart repair is an effective, cosmetic and safe surgical procedure with good clinical outcomes and excellent post-operative shoulder range of motion. This surgical intervention also has low recurrence rate and minimum surgical complications.
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