DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4510.IntJResOrthop20204613

Role of nutritional supplements in the management of tendinopathies: focus on combination of type 1 collagen, vitamin C and mucopolysaccharides

Dinesh Agrawal, Aalok Shah, Kapil Dev Mehta, Rishi Jain, Salman Motlekar

Abstract


Tendinopathy is a common disease that is difficult to manage due to its recurrent nature. It is associated with increased healthcare costs and significantly impacts quality of life of patients. Also, according to recent studies patients with high cholesterol and diabetes are at a higher risk of developing tendinopathy. There has been rise in the incidence of tendinopathies due to increase in sport activities, life expectancy and some other factors (environment, diet and some drug therapies). Approximately 30% of visits for musculoskeletal pain in general practice are related to tendon injury. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and corticosteroids remain the mainstay of treatment. Despite the use of current therapies, there is need of a supportive therapy that can help in the healing process towards development of physiologically normal tendons. Nutraceuticals have been used as supportive therapy for management of tendinopathies. This review focuses on the management of tendinopathy with special attention on role of nutraceuticals such as type I collagen, mucopolysaccharides and vitamin C in the management of tendinopathy. Clinical data suggests that this combination (type I collagen, mucopolysaccharides and vitamin C) promotes the endogenous synthesis of collagen type I, avoiding the accumulation of collagen type III and aggrecan, thus interfering with the degeneration of tendon tissue. Based on the available clinical data, combination of type I collagen, mucopolysaccharides and vitamin C not only reduce the clinical symptoms but also improve structural evolution of different types of tendinopathies as well as plantar fascitis.


Keywords


Tendinopathy, Nutraceuticals, Type I collagen, Vitamin C, Mucopolysaccharides

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References


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