Prevalence of cricket-related musculoskeletal pain among Indian junior club cricketers
Keywords:CIPP, Cricket, Injury, Junior club, Overuse, Warm-up
Background: Cricket is the most commonly played sport in India. The number of children playing cricket are increasing. There is growing evidence that injury rates in junior cricketers are higher than professional cricketers. In India at the community level, there are no standardized specific cricket injury prevention programmes (CIPP) which reduce injury risk. Minimal data is available from Asian countries, especially on junior cricketers. Our study is an attempt to focus on junior club cricketer injuries, plan safety precautions and emphasize role of CIPP.
Methods: It was an observational study conducted on male junior club cricketers in the age group of 8-16 years. Based on a self-reported questionnaire, player’s physical status, training, injuries and their nature are assessed over a period of 12 months.
Results: Over the study period 36 of 50 cricketers were symptomatic. The lower limb is the most frequently injured. Most common etiology is overuse. We found that the players are not following pre-training warm-up and post-training cool-down.
Conclusions: CIPP should be implemented and strictly followed from the early stages of sports life. Pre-training warm-up and post-training cool-down should be included in their routine training. Overuse i.e. playing overtime and ignoring the pain during practice or match should be avoided. A supervised training and regular screening of players by orthopaedician or sports physician will keep them fit to play with full potential.
Stretch RA. Cricket injuries: a longitudinal study of the nature of injuries to South African cricketers. Br J Sports Med. 2003;37:250-3.
Bowen R. Cricket, a history of its growth and development throughout the world. London: Eyre Spottiswoode; 1970: 150.
Orchard J, James T, Alcott E. Injuries in Australian cricket at first class level 1995/96 to 2000/2001. Br J Sports Med. 2002;36(4):270-5.
Das NS, Usman J, Choudhury D. Nature and pattern of cricket injuries: the Asian Cricket Council Under-19, Elite Cup, 2013. PLoS One. 2014;9:100028.
Stretch RA. Junior cricketers are not a smaller version of adult cricketers: A 5 years investigation of injuries in elite junior cricketers. S Afr J Sport Med. 2014;26:123-7.
Soomro N, Chua N, Freeston J. Cluster randomised control trial for cricket injury prevention programme (CIPP): a protocol paper. Inj Prev. 2017;0:1-11.
Giles K, Musa I. A survey of glenohumeral joint rotational range and non-specific shoulder pain in elite cricketers. Phys Ther Sport. 2008;9(3):109-16.
Milsom NM, Barnard JG, Stretch RA. Seasonal incidence and nature of cricket injuries among elite South African schoolboy cricketers. S Afr J Sports Med. 2007;19(3):80-4.
Stretch RA. The incidence and nature of injuries in schoolboy cricketers. S Afr Med J. 1995;85:1182-4.
Dhillon MS, Soni RK, Aggarwal S, Dhillon H, Prabhakar S. Epidemiology of Orthopedic Injuries in Indian Cricket: A Prospective One Year Observational Study. J Postgrad Med Edu Res. 2015;49(4):168-72.
Noorbhai MH, Essack FM, Thwala SN, Ellapenetal TJ. Prevalence of cricket-related musculoskeletal pain among adolescent cricketers in KwaZulu-Natal. SAJSM. 2012;24:1.
Worthington P, King M, Ranson C. The influence of cricket fast bowlers’ front leg technique on peak ground reaction forces. J Sports Sci. 2013;31:434-41.
Hurrion PD, Dyson R, Hale T. Simultaneous measurement of back and front foot ground reaction forces during the same delivery stride of the fast-medium bowler. J Sports Sci. 2000;18:993-7.