DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4510.IntJResOrthop20163548

Functional outcome after open reduction and internal fixation for traumatic diastasis of the pubic symphysis a one year follow-up study

B. L. S. Kumar Babu, Biju Ravindran

Abstract


Background: Pubic diastasis often results in anteroposterior compression (APC) injuries based on Young and Burgess classification. It is caused due to high-energy trauma and of much clinical importance is given when coexists with urogenital and neurological complications with hemodynamic instability. Open reduction and internal fixation with plating facilitates early mobilisation with better results and is the preferable mode of stabilisation. We evaluated the clinical and functional outcome of such patients in a one-year follow-up period.

Methods: In our study, we included 20 patients with APC II injuries who underwent an open reduction by single or dual plating technique by the Pfannenstiel approach, were followed for one year.

Results: Among 20 patients, 14 patients (70%) were operated with single superior plating, six patients (30%) were performed with dual plating, i.e., both superior and anterior plating. Among 20 patients, two patients (10%) were operated for primary arthrodesis with double plating. Only one among 20 (5%) had implant failure due to early weight bearing and were re-operated with primary arthrodesis with plating. Results were analysed based on a scoring system which includes five criteria such as anterior pelvic pain, dyspareunia and sexual dysfunction, ability to sit, gait abnormalities and walking distance. Among 20 patients ten patients (50%) had excellent results, six patients (30%) had good results, two patients (10%) had fair results, two patients (10%) had poor results.

Conclusions: Open reduction and internal fixation of traumatic pubic diastasis in type II APC injuries with single or dual plating had given better results and early functional recovery.


Keywords


Open reduction and internal fixation, Traumatic pubic diastasis, Type II APC, Functional outcome

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References


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