DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4510.IntJResOrthop20200740

Functional outcomes and complications of simultaneous bilateral total hip arthroplasty in Asian population

Ram Prasad Meena, Utsav Shetty, Sadaram Bhishnoi, Ramkhiladi Meena

Abstract


Background: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is one of the most successful and cost-benefit surgical treatments. However, there are concerns about the safety of the procedure and higher complications. We aimed to evaluate the complications and outcomes of one-stage bilateral total hip arthroplasty (BTHA) with anterolateral approach.

Methods: A total of 24 patients from February 2014 to October 2019 underwent BTHA in Government Medical College and Attached Group of Hospitals, Kota. A prospective analysis of the functional outcomes and complications was performed. All surgeries were performed via anterolateral approach. All patients were followed up till 1.5 years post-operative.

Results: During period of study 16 men and 8 women with a mean age of 40.12±2.52 years at the time of presentation were entered. The mean surgical time was 112±6 mins. The mean hospital stay was 7 days. Hemoglobin level decreased significantly after operation (p=0.046) mean of 10.83±0.3 mg/dl. There was no reported patient with perioperative death, deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, infection, dislocation, periprosthetic fracture or heterotrophic ossification. The mean preoperative MHHS score was 45.93±5.33 in patients. MHHS score improved to 92.06±2.47 in the last follow-up (p=0.0001).

Conclusions: Our results recommend the use of one-stage BTHA through anterolateral approach in cases indicating bilateral THA without increase in rate of complications. Functional and clinical outcomes are comparable and hospital stay is significantly shorter.


Keywords


One stage bilateral total hip arthroplasty, Clinical outcome, Complication

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