DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4510.IntJResOrthop20200738

Prospective study of management of long bone fracture by intra-medullary elastic nailing in children

Saijyot Raut, Deepak Jain, Pratik Gohil, Parimal Malviya, Alfven Vieira, Tushar Agrawal

Abstract


Background: The treatment of long bone fractures in children from 6 to 14 years is a challenging scenario. Titanium elastic nail (TEN) fixation was originally meant as a gold standard treatment method for femoral fractures, but was gradually applied to other long bone fractures in children, because it represents a middle path between conservative and surgical modality.

Methods: In the present study paediatric patients in the age group of 6 to 14 year with long bone fractures to be treated with TEN in the Department of Orthopaedics were admitted to MGM Hospital (Kamothe) were selected. A total of 30 patients consenting to undergo this study were subjected for treatment after screening using the inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 9.67±2.68 years. There was male preponderance (63.3%). In our study, RTA was observed to be the main cause of fracture (80%) whereas 20% fractures were due to fall. In our study, 50% patients had fracture of radius ulna followed by fracture of tibia 23.3%, femur (23.3%), and humerus (3.3%). The mean time to union was 5.30±1.06 weeks.

Conclusions: TEN seems to be simple, biocompatible, more physiological, reliable and effective method of treatment of all long bone shaft fractures in 6 to 14 years old children. It is a rapid, safe and simple procedure with advantages of short operative time, minimal blood loss, shorter hospital stays early union, allowing early mobilization and early return to function with minimal complications.


Keywords


Paediatric fractures, TENS nail, Long bone fractures

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References


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