Published: 2019-12-24

Simple and effective method to protect from toxic fumes of methyl methacrylate (bone cement) in operation theatre

Mohan Kumar E. G., Yathisha Kumar G. M., Mohammed Noorudheen, Ajay Kumar


Methyl methacrylate is a monomer of acrylic resin widely used in a variety of medical, dental, and industrial applications. Its extensive use in surgery, particularly for arthroplasties, has often raised concerns regarding potential human toxicity for orthopaedic surgeons, surgical nurses, and other operating-room staff who are occupationally exposed to the compound.


Methyl methacrylate, Toxic effects, Suction method, Bone cement

Full Text:



Schummer W, Schlonski O, Breuer M. Bone cement embolism attached to central venous catheter. Br J Anaesth. 2014;112(4):672-4.

Leggat PA, Smith DR, Kedjarune U. Surgical applications of methyl methacrylate: a review of toxicity. Arch Environ Occup Health. 2009;64(3):207-12.

Caroline G. Methyl methacrylate: how safe is our OR environment? J Nursing Res. 2001;1:32-3.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Health and Environmental Effects Profile for Methyl Methacrylate. EPA/600/x-85/364. Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office, Office of Health and Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, Cincinnati, OH. 1985.

Calabrese EJ, Kenyon EM. Air Toxics and Risk Assessment. Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers; 1991.

Sittig M. Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals and Carcinogens. 2nd edition. Park Ridge, NJ: Noyes Publications; 1985.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Toxicological Review of Methyl Methacrylate (CAS No. 80-62-6) in Support of Summary Information on the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). National Center for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, Research Triangle Park, NC. 1998.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS, online database). National Toxicology Information Program, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; 1993.