DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4510.IntJResOrthop20193130

Treatment of diaphyseal fractures of tibia with intramedullary interlocking nail

B. S. Vijaya Kumar

Abstract


Background: The tibia, or shinbone, is the most commonly fractured long bone in the body. A tibial shaft fracture occurs along the length of the bone, below the knee and above the ankle. It typically takes a major force to cause this type of broken leg. Motor vehicle collisions, for example, are a common cause of tibial shaft fractures. In many tibia fractures, the smaller bone in the lower leg (fibula) is broken as well. The objective was to study fracture healing and union rates with closed intra-medullary interlocking nailing.

Methods: Patients of both sexes belonging to adult age group presenting with fracture tibia to Orthopedic Department, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences, of are admitted from January 2015 to December 2015.

Results: In the present study maximum number of patients belongs to 18 to 27 years age group (18 cases) followed by 28 to 37 years age group (15 cases), maximum number of patients sustained tibia fracture due to RTA (38 cases) followed by fall (12 cases), maximum number of patients sustained simple tibia fracture (32 cases), followed by type 2 compound tibia fracture (13 cases) and 36 patients had excellent functional results and 8 patients had good functional outcome, while only 4 patients had fair functional outcome.

Conclusions: IM rods are secured within the bone by screws both above and below the fracture. The metal screws and the rod can be removed if they cause problems, but can also be left in place for life. Tibial rodding provides excellent fixation and alignment of the bones.


Keywords


Tibia, Diaphyseal fractures, Intramedullary interlocking nail

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References


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