A study on management of paediatric supracondylar humerus fractures with lateral percutaneous Kirschner wire fixation
Keywords:Supracondylar fracture, Kirschner wire, Percutaneous fixation
Background: Supracondylar fracture of the humerus in children is a common injury encountered in orthopaedic practice. Undisplaced fractures can be managed conservatively, however displaced fractures need proper reduction and adequate fixation for attainment of optimal functional and cosmetic outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of lateral percutaneous Kirschner (K) wire fixation in the management of displaced supracondylar fractures in relation to achievement of union and functional results.
Methods: This was a prospective observational study conducted on 70 patients of either sex with an average age of 5.98 years, presenting to the Orthopaedic Department of S.H.K.M. Government Medical College Hospital, Nalhar, Nuh, Haryana between February 2016 and February 2018, with displaced supracondylar fractures of humerus. All the patients were managed by closed reduction and percutaneous lateral K wire fixation. The patients were followed up for a period of 1 year. The patients were analyzed for union and functional results.
Results: All the fractures united with an average time of union of 3.8 weeks. Functional results were assessed using Flynn’s criteria, which were excellent in 58 (82.86%), good in 7 (10%), fair in 3 (4.28%) and poor in 2 (2.86%) patients.
Conclusions: Thus results of our study demonstrate that the lateral percutaneous K wire fixation is a safe and effective method of treatment of displaced paediatric supracondylar humerus fractures.
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